David H. Linden
23:4,5 The sea speaks; it has
no children any more to sail on it from
23:6-9 To “cross over: is to flee as refugees where once they traveled for trade. The lively world-class city that once set up colonies and princes, has been brought low by the Lord. He humbles all the famous of the earth.
23:10-12 With Tyre gone Tarshish
will be free to do as it pleases. God
has stretched out His hand to make kingdoms tremble. This oracle is about
will not be very welcome in
23:14 Tarshish had freedom from
very odd change of theme happens.
(Isaiah does this many times.) It
profit of prostitution cannot be given to the Lord, (Deuteronomy 23:18). Since her profits will be set apart for the
Lord according to v. 18, this prophecy must have in mind a wonderful
This is one more indication that the salvation of the Lord will extend to the nations. This theme came up in chapter 2 and keeps being repeated.
glory and honor of nations like
Appendix: The Plans of the Lord
Do not those who plot evil go astray? But those who plan what is good find love and faithfulness (Proverbs14:22).
Many are the plans in a man's heart, but it is the LORD's purpose that prevails (Proverbs 19:21).
Commit to the LORD whatever you do, and your plans will succeed (Proverbs 16:3).
In his heart a man plans his course, but the LORD determines his steps (Proverbs 16:9)
Planned 14:24 The LORD Almighty has sworn, "Surely, as I have planned, so it will be, and as I have purposed, so it will stand.
are your wise men now? Let them show you and make known what the LORD Almighty
has planned against
22:11 But you did not look to the One who made it, or have regard for the One who planned it long ago.
23:8,9 Who planned this against
25:1 I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done marvelous things, things planned long ago.
37:26 What I have said, that will I bring about; what I have planned, that will I do.
46:11 What I have said, that will I bring about; what I have planned, that will I do.
Plan 5:18,19 Woe to those who … say, "Let God hurry, let him hasten his work so we may see it. Let it approach, let the plan of the Holy One of Israel come, so we may know it."
8:10 Devise your strategy, but it will be thwarted; propose your plan, but it will not stand, for God is with us.
14:26,27 This is the plan determined for the whole world; this is the hand stretched out over all nations. For the LORD Almighty has purposed, and who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out, and who can turn it back?
Plans 19:3 The Egyptians will lose heart, and I will bring their plans to nothing;
25:19 Woe to those who go to great depths to hide their plans from the LORD,
30:1 "Woe … to those who carry out plans that are not mine…”
32:8 But the noble man makes noble plans, and by noble deeds he stands.
An observation Within Isaiah every time the word planned is mentioned in the past; it is always the Lord Who planned. Man’s plans are tenuous and change so much that what man has planned my not be his current plan, and its fulfillment is always uncertain. The plan of the Lord is determined by the Lord (14:26,27) and no one can frustrate it.